Iowa Moves to Shield Livestock Farms from Drone Surveillance

Strengthening Privacy and Security for Farmers

In a significant move aimed at bolstering the privacy and security of livestock producers, the Senate committee has given its nod to a pivotal piece of legislation designed to restrict the use of surveillance drones around livestock facilities, reports The Iowa Capitol Dispatch.

This development comes on the heels of the bill, House File 572, receiving approval from the Iowa House last year, marking a concerted effort by state lawmakers to protect agricultural interests from unauthorized surveillance activities.

The Scope and Implications of House File 572

House File 572 establishes clear boundaries for drone operations in proximity to livestock farms, setting a 400-foot no-fly zone around open feedlots and animal confinements. The bill's introduction is a response to the growing concerns over covert investigations conducted by animal welfare groups, aiming to shield livestock producers from potentially intrusive surveillance measures.

Violations of this legislation would result in criminal penalties, ranging from a simple misdemeanor—punishable by up to 30 days in jail—to a serious misdemeanor, carrying a penalty of up to one year in jail for drones equipped with surveillance tools like cameras or microphones.

Notably, the bill carves out exceptions for various stakeholders, including farm owners, individuals with explicit permission, those engaged in commercial or agricultural activities, and employees of government entities, public utilities, and railroad companies.

Furthermore, it empowers farmers to seek court injunctions against violators, potentially barring them from drone operation near the facilities for up to two years and compelling the deletion of any unauthorized drone footage.

Legislative Journey and Broader Context

The bill's progression to the full Senate, following a seamless committee approval, underscores the legislative body's commitment to addressing the evolving challenges faced by the agricultural sector in the digital age.

This move is part of a broader legislative trend in Iowa, with lawmakers previously enacting measures to combat undercover investigations at livestock facilities.

Moreover, the context of this legislation is framed by recent judicial decisions, notably a federal appeals court's overturning of injunctions against two other Iowa laws aimed at preventing deceptive entry into livestock facilities and unauthorized filming. These developments reflect the ongoing debate surrounding agricultural operations' privacy and the rights of animal welfare advocates.

Balancing Privacy with Oversight

As House File 572 advances to the full Senate for consideration, it embodies the intricate balance between safeguarding the privacy and operational integrity of livestock producers and addressing the ethical considerations related to animal welfare and surveillance.

With broad support in the House and a legislative landscape shaped by recent court rulings, the bill's journey underscores a pivotal moment in the intersection of agriculture, privacy rights, and technological advancements in Iowa.

Image is for illustration purposes only.

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Haye Kesteloo
Haye Kesteloo

Haye Kesteloo is the Editor in Chief and Founder of, where he covers all drone-related news, DJI rumors and writes drone reviews, and, for all news related to electric vehicles. He is also a co-host of the PiXL Drone Show on YouTube and other podcast platforms. Haye can be reached at haye @ or @hayekesteloo.

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